Psoriasis is a common skin disease that causes itchiness resulting in dry and red scaly patches at different areas of the body. Psoriasis is a chronic disease that has no terminating cure. It is a skin disorder that causes the skin cell to multiply faster than normal. It can grow anywhere, and the most common areas of appearance include elbows, lower back, and knees. Luckily, it cannot be passed from person to person, however, it can happen in members of the same family.
Psoriasis has different symptoms and they vary from person to person. It is important to describe the symptoms of psoriasis to the infected person beforehand so that he can immediately identify what he is suffering from. There are different symptoms for different kinds of psoriasis but some of the symptoms are similar which are described below.
Describe the symptoms of psoriasis
There are various kinds of psoriasis and the symptoms and signs mainly depend upon the type of psoriasis that you have. Some of the common symptoms are described below:
- Itchy, skin that is painful and also bleeds
- Rashes or red patches, inflamed skin, and in severe cases; plaques start to grow on the skin covering a large area.
- Bleeding in small cracks where the skin is scratched
- Scalp witnesses scaly plaques
- Discoloration and pitting of the toenails and fingernails, the nails may start to crumble or detach completely from the nail bed.
Psoriasis can also lead to psoriasis arthritis which may result in achy, scaly, and swollen joints. People suffering from psoriasis have 10% to 30% chances of getting swollen and painful joints. Let’s further explore symptoms of psoriasis according to their respective types.
7 types of psoriasis
There are different types of psoriasis found in people, but it may vary from person to person. Among those types, 7 most commonly found are listed below,
The most common type of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis. Almost 8 out of 10 people having psoriasis have this specific kind. It is also known as “psoriasis Vulgaris”.
The plaque psoriasis causes the patient to deal with red, inflamed skin which at times is covered with white, silvery scales. These patches are very itchy and burn when touched. It can appear anywhere on the body but the most common areas are:
- Lower back
Inverse psoriasis is also quite common but usually occurs in people who work outdoors and are exposed to extreme heat which causes sweating. The most common symptoms are:
Patches of red, smooth, and shiny skin get worse with rubbing or sweating. Scales are not formulated in this type of psoriasis.
It is usually found at:
- skinfolds around the buttocks or genitals
- Under breast skin
There are only 2% of cases reported of guttate psoriasis worldwide. This kind of disease starts at a very young age and it mostly affects children. Guttate psoriasis causes small pinkish-red spots on the skin.
It is normally found on the:
- Upper arms
This psoriasis kind does not live long and it goes away on its own after a few weeks, at times it is very harmless and does not require any treatment.
This type of psoriasis is not common and usually appears in adulthood. This is a very painful kind of psoriasis as it causes painful pus-filled bumps (pustules) which are engraved in between red skin. It does look infectious but in reality, it isn’t and it does not spread with touching.
Pustular psoriasis can occur anywhere on the body but generally affects feet and hands. In very severe cases, it covers the whole body and is referred to as “generalized pustular psoriasis”. It needs to be taken care of immediately if it gets serious.
Common symptoms associated with pustular psoriasis are:
- Fast heartbeat
- Muscular weakness
It can be triggered by certain topical medicines or if you get too much ultraviolet radiation. At times stoppage of certain steroids can also trigger pustular psoriasis.
Pustular psoriasis also gets triggered by exposure to certain harmful chemicals or stress.
People suffering from other kinds of psoriasis most commonly go through nail psoriasis as well. Nail psoriasis is often associated with psoriatic arthritis.
The most common symptoms of nail psoriasis are:
- Painful, tender nails
- Nail separated from the nail bed
- Chalk like material under the nails
- Change of color
- Nail pitting
It can also combine with any fungal infection, worsening the condition.
Erythrodermic psoriasis is the least common type but it’s the most serious one. It can affect almost all of the body resulting in fiery, widespread skin which appears burnt.
The most prominent symptoms are:
- A faster heart rate
- Severe itching
- Burning of skin
- Frequent changes in temperature of the body
If any of these symptoms are witnessed, the infected person should see a medical practitioner immediately. This particular kind of psoriasis causes severe protein and fluid loss and it may cause the person to suffer from any additional infection or pneumonia. In severe cases, the patient might suffer from congestive heart failure. Erythrodermic psoriasis also occurs if a previous psoriasis infection becomes out of control.
This is an ailment in which two different conditions join together. Both psoriasis and arthritis combine to give psoriatic arthritis. In almost 70% of the cases, people who have suffered psoriasis for over 10 years result in getting psoriatic arthritis as well.
The common symptoms are:
- Warm joints which discolor with time
- Painful and stiff joints
- Sausages like swelling of toes and fingers
Psoriasis is a disease that the patient has to live with all his life. It has no cure but the medicines available at the pharmacies can slow down its spread and work on it for the time being. A person suffering from any kind of psoriasis needs to be careful about the triggers which may increase his suffering from this painful disease.
If you find any of these symptoms, then you should immediately consult your nearest doctor.